Autonomous vehicles & the levels of autonomy

With the advancement in IoT technologies, imaginations are taking shape and influencing people’s lives. You may have seen driver-less cars in fiction scenes in many movies, but now you can experience the rides in self-driving cars after some years. Let’s know what exactly an Autonomous Car is.

What is an Autonomous Vehicle?

Autonomous Vehicles are cars or trucks with self-driving features where humans are never required to take control to safely operate the vehicle. This concept with the aim of zero death due to vehicle accidents uses a combination of sensors and software to control, navigate, and drive the vehicle.

Based on the automation, the vehicle can be categorized into some levels of Autonomy:

Level 0 – No Automation

Every driving action rely on the human driver.

Level 1 – Driver Assistance

The vehicle includes some in-built capabilities and driver assistance system for steering or acceleration/deceleration.

Level 2 – Partial Automation

The system includes at least two simultaneous automated functions, but still requires human’s attention for safe driving.

Level 3 – Conditional Automation

It offers highly automated driving experience by controlling every safety-critical functions, but the driver is expected to intervene when alerted.

Level 4 – High Automation

The vehicle can perform all the driving functions at certain conditions, but the driver can take control when needed.

Level 5 – Full Automation

The vehicle can perform all the driving functions under all conditions, and the people in the vehicle are only passengers.

Fully autonomous cars are still not available in the market, but it is said that people can enjoy it after a couple of years. A great impact can be seen of the Autonomous vehicles on the economy, environment, people health, but for now, it is totally hypothetical. For more information about autonomous technology and its solution like Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS), you can ask the Telematics experts.

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